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Archaeology Index


Enamel pot shard, by Luc Verhetsel Viso
Photo © Luc Verhetsel, VISO


Feature Introduction:
A basic guide to the general archaeological period for the Kemmelberg site

Feature Retrospective:
Looking back on fifty years of prospecting, excavations & research

Earliest humans

Feature Earliest Humans (Part 1):
Various cultural nomadic groups of hunter-gatherers visited the Kemmelberg

Feature Earliest Humans (Part 2):
Neanderthals repeatedly visited the Kemmelberg during their millennia of occupation

Feature Earliest Humans (Part 3):
Anatomically modern humans eventually arrived to live alongside Neanderthals

Feature Earliest Humans (Part 4):
The age of hunter-gatherers came to an end with the arrival of the farming revolution

First farmers

Feature First Farmers (Part 1):
The Kemmelberg was inhabited by Neolithic farmers, perhaps for several centuries

Feature First Farmers (Part 2):
Fifty years of research clarified the extent of the Neolithic site

Feature First Farmers (Part 3):
Neolithic finds are linked to the Spiere Group


Photo features

Photos Earthenware in Situ:
Kemmelberg earthenware shows similarities with earthenware finds from Spiere

Photos Lithics in Situ:
The Kemmelberg's in situ finds consist mainly of numerous flint artefacts

Photos Fieldwalking Finds:
An overview of Neolithic prospecting finds, discovered through fieldwalking


First elite

Feature Celtic Elite (Part 1):
A Celtic elite group lived on the Kemmelberg in the fifth and fourth centuries BC

Feature Celtic Elite (Part 2):
The Kemmelberg Celts loved pomp and circumstance and ritual gatherings

Feature Celtic Elite (Part 3):
The Kemmelberg Celts had contacts reaching as far as the Mediterranean world


Photo focus features

Feature Celtic Drinking Equipment:
Small fragments of materials indicate the existence of drinking rituals

Feature Celtic Linchpin:
An uncovered Kemmelberg linchpin suggests the presence of a clan chief

Feature Celtic Pendant:
A curious find of a bronze decorative element: a hand-crafted pendant

Feature Celtic Pottery:
The earthenware shows striking similarities with pottery from the Aisne-Marne culture